What’s NEXT from Huawei at HAS 2024? HarmonyOS NEXT, openEuler, AI CANN and Overseas expansion later in the pipeline

Getting your Trinity Audio player ready...

Huawei hosting it’s corporate Huawei Analyst Summit 2024 (HAS 2024) conference to international press, is officially announcing that it is developing the next generation of HarmonyOS. Their ambition is to migrate the 5,000 most important apps to Harmony OS Next, with the goal of eventually migrating the rest of tens of thousands of apps with the help of developers. By achieving this goal HarmonyOS will become the third largest smartphone OS, but even Huawei’s rotating Chairman Eric Xu recognises this goal as “hugely ambitious”.

It’s primary focus will be in the AI business, ramping up chip products for chip demand, alongside continued CANN, AI framework MindSpore for these AI chips in business and consumer products that connects to Huawei’s own Pangu model, on the consumer side, that also includes future self driving cars in the client IoT embedded space. For servers, in businesses and private cloud services, openEuler takes the lead in Chinese market and overseas with it’s own database infrastructure GaussDB.

Harmony OS Next will be launched in October 2024 with the Mate 70 Series. It will offer a pure native experience. The smartphone business will continue to be mainly focused in China. Overseas expansion will only start when the OS is well established and can offer the most important apps natively.

On the chips supply chain has been improving despite the shortcomings in Pura70 smartphones, this time in much better shape than Mate 60 launch itself ahead of official launch tomorrow with the last legacy dual-framework of HarmonyOS 4.2 evolution bump of HarmonyOS 4. Mate 70 and it’s NEXT PC line, including Ascend AI chips, has been reported to have a 72% yield rate.

Predictions

I predict 18 months launch, chips/software supply chain is secured and matured. I believe this year, EMUI 14 and 14.2 in June-July 2024 stable alongside HarmonyOS 4 tablet updates after HarmonyOS 4 OTA on watches, audio wear products, like FreeBuds and routers completed that period. Updates annually, once a year upgrade as usual. 18 months time from now, NEXT global will launch, there is a window and breather for current Android users in the transitioning and migration process, that would be by HarmonyOS 6.0 based on past rumours and mumblings on Weibo since last August/September 2023, OpenHarmony 6.0 version led by Oniro OS global project under Eclipse by October 2025 with Matter standard support, completed HarmonyOS Open Mobile Hub API port and WebGPU API apps for global smart devices. While global developers manufacturers begin to port and migrate apps to the platform starting in June 2024 into 2025 period in order for Huawei to get enough global apps for native HarmonyOS NEXT.

Why not current HarmonyOS 4 with these new native apps?

It’s because they are rewritten for the full fledge native HarmonyOS NEXT stack that contains the full developer kit of APIs, that carries the pure OpenHarmony codebase, called the “L0-L2” branch with higher API Levels from 10-12 and upwards. While current version that has EMUI overseas on HarmonyOS 4 and below from 3.1, carries the old “L3-L5” branch stuck on API Level 9, where native HarmonyOS apps in higher API Levels are not compatible with it.

Why the gap of update cycle in 2023 with EMUI?

Huawei major updates/upgrades are once a year, 2023 was a gap because of HarmonyOS NEXT China kickstart, alongside Kirin 9000s chip of Mate 60 series, big milestone for Huawei and Chinese chip, high tech industry that made big shifts within the company that challenged the current status quo of the supply chains ahead of HarmonyOS 4.x/EMUI 14.x rollouts from 2023 in China into 2024 overseas.

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Source: Twitter/Francisco Jeronimo @IDC via Huawei’s HAS 2024 conference